Critical Raw Materials for Ireland for Resource Efficient Economy (CIRCLE) is funded by the Environmental Protection Agency, Ireland and co-funded by the Geological Survey Ireland. CIRCLE project is developing first ever Critical Raw Materials assessment methodology for Ireland.


Raw materials are backbone of manufacturing industry. The advancements in the manufacturing of high quality products resulted in increased demand of new and innovative high value products. This in turn has increased the demand for raw materials and multimoded by the digital revolution and efforts for transitions towards low-carbon economy. The EU policies, UNSDGs, and Ireland’s ambitious targets for 2030, 2040 and 2050 has drive the industry sectors to focus on use of clean and green materials and manufacturing processes to achieve the climate neutral status. These conditions have made several raw materials critical due to several factors associated with their supply and economic importance.



Dr Muhannad Ahmed Obeidi

Dr. Sithara Sreenilayam

Mr Ahmar Murtaza

Mr Hasan Ayub


CIRCLE project is funded under the EPA Research Programme 2021-2030 and co-funded by Geological Survey Ireland. The EPA Research Programme is a Government of Ireland initiative funded by the Department of the Environment, Climate and Communications.