Dr. Tony Cafolla graduated with a B.Sc. in Experimental Physics in 1975 and a M.Sc. in Nuclear Instrumentation Physics in 1977 from Trinity College Dublin. He completed his Ph.D. in Solid State Physics in the University of Virginia 1985. From 1985 to 1990 he was a Research Associate in Atomic and Molecular Physics in the University of Manchester. From 1990 to 1992 he was a Research Associate in Surface Physics in the University of Wales and College of Cardiff. Since 1992 he has been a Lecturer in Applied Physics at Dublin City University and from 1999 a Member of the HEA-funded National Centre for Sensor Research (NCSR). He is a member of the Planetary Society, American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT), the U.K. ESCA Users Society, the American Physical Society (APS) and the Institute of Physics (IOP).